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Neurological Disease

Neurological diseases can affect everything from the brain to the spinal cord to the peripheral nerves and muscles. Learn about many of these disorders. Don't see what you're looking for? Have us write the article by emailing us your suggestions.

Topics are arranged alphabetically

A - B - C - D - E - F - G - H - I - J - K - L - M -

N - O - P - Q - R - S - T - U - V - W - X - Y - Z


- Acoustic neuromas - These tumors are one of the most common benign intracranial masses. Learn about what causes them, the symptoms they produce, and what can be done to treat them.

- Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (Lou Gehrig's Disease) - Named after a famous baseball player, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis is a severely debilitating and progressive disease of the neurons responsible for motor control. Learn about its pathology and how it is diagnosed.

- Anterior communicating artery aneurysms - The most common of the intracranial aneurysms. Learn about the anatomy, signs, symptoms, and treatment of these buggers!

- Arteriovenous malformations - When these bad boys rupture you better be on the look out. Cerebral arteriovenous malformations can cause devastating neurologic injury. Fortunately we have several tools to treat these bastards!

- Atlanto-occipital dislocations - Buckle up! Severe trauma can often cause this terrible dislocation of the upper spine.



- Basal ganglia, direct pathway - The basal ganglia is one complicated piece of neural machinery. Learn about how it modulates movements here.

- Basal ganglia, indirect pathway - The indirect pathway of the basal ganglia serves as a negative modulator of movement. Learn how it differs from is direct counterpart.

- Basilar tip aneurysms - Learn about the anatomy of the basilar artery and the outpouching that sometimes occurs at its tip.



- Cauda equina syndrome - What happens when you squeeze the nerve roots in the lumbar region real good? Cauda equina syndrome, thats what!

- Cavernous malformations (cavernomas) - Cavernomas are blood vessels gone awry. Learn what they are and what to do when you find one on your patient's MRI scan.

- Cerebral sinus thrombosis - Blood clots can affect the large venous draining systems of the brain (aka: the cerebral sinuses). Learn about their pathology, diagnosis, and treatment here!

- Cerebrovascular accident (CVA) - Like the commercial says "stroke is no joke"! Strokes can be anything from a minor nuisance to a life threatening event. Learn about the different causes of this all to common problem.

- Cervical stenosis - Stenosis is an abnormal narrowing of the spinal canal. It can cause compression of the spinal cord, which leads to a constellatin of signs and symptoms known as myelopathy. And that friends is a drag bummer!

- Chiari malformations - Type 1 Chiari malformations = cerebellar tonsil herniation with or without a syrinx.

- Chordomas - Chordomas are slow growing, but malignant tumors that arise from notochord remnants. Learn about 'em!

- Circuitry of the cerebellum - The cerebellum and its connections are one complicated mother! Learn about this mysterious and fascinating part of the brain.

- Colloid cysts - Colloid cysts commonly occur in the third ventricle of the brain. They are benign tumors, but have the potential to cause acute hydrocephalus. Learn about them here!

- Craniopharyngiomas - Learn about the most common supra-sellar tumor in children. This "benign" tumor can still wreak havoc! Learn about the signs, symptoms, and treatments of this nasty tumor.



- Diffuse axonal injury - Learn about this devastating form of traumatic brain injury.



- Ependymoma - An ependymoma is a tumor that arises from cells that line the ventricular system of the brain and spinal cord.



- Glioblastoma - Glioblastoma is one nasty mother! It is the most common and unfortunately deadly primary brain tumor. Learn about where it comes from and what docs are doing to try and save people from its destructive wrath!



- Hemangiopericytoma - Not quite as nasty as the glioblastoma, but not a nice tumor either! Learn about this highly vascular tumor that is often mistaken for a meningioma.

- Hemangioblastoma - Learn about this benign and highly vascular tumor of the central nervous system.

- Hydrocephalus - Water on the brain! Learn about what happens when cerebrospinal fluid accumulates abnormally in your dome.



- Internal capsule (anatomy) - The internal capsule is a pricey piece of brain real estate. It contains some of the most important axon (ie: the cables of the brain) tracts of the brain. Learn about its importance, and what can happen to it clinically...



- Medulloblastomas - These malignant tumors are most commonly seen in children. Learn what these tumors are, how they present, and what doctors are doing to destroy this terrible disease.

- Meningiomas - These are benign tumors of the brain that develop from arachnoid cap cells. They can be devilishly tricky though when they are located next to important brain structures. Learn about them hear!

- Middle cerebral artery strokes - ... Are no fun! Plain and simple!

- Monro-Kellie doctrine - Within the confines of the skull exist blood, cerebrospinal fluid, and brain. This is the basis of the doctrine, which has vital implications for intracranial pressure. Learn more about it here.

- Multiple sclerosis - What happens when the body attacks the insulation around the cables of the central nervous system? You guessed it - multiple sclerosis! Learn more about why we think this disease occurs and what can be done to slow its progression.



- Nervous system overview (introduction) - The nervous system is one complicated beast! Use this article to break it down into smaller manageable components.



- Pituitary adenoma - The most common type of pituitary tumor, adenomas can cause a wide range of signs and symptoms.

- Parkinson's disease - Not all tremors are Parkinson's disease! Learn about the other symptoms of this unfortunate disease, and some of the new technologies and medicines being used to treat it.



- Stroke - Like the commercial says "stroke is no joke"! Strokes can be anything from a minor nuisance to a life threatening event. Learn about the different causes of this all to common problem.

- Subarachnoid hemorrhage - Be careful or you might blow an aneurysm! And if you do you'll end up with a subarachnoid hemorrhage. Learn what a subarachnoid hemorrhage is and why it can be a devastating process.

- Subdural hematomas - Bonk! Don't get hit on the head or you may develop one of these hemorrhages just below the lining of the brain known as the dura.



- Traumatic brain injury (management) - Traumatic brain injury is a real drag bummer! Learn how to deal with the acutely head injured patient.

- Three column model - This page talks about Francis Denis' famous three column model of the spine and its clinical implications.



- Vein of Galen malformations - Learn about these primitive arteriovenous fistulas deep within the brain.

- Vestibular schwannomas - These tumors are one of the most common benign intracranial masses. Learn about what causes them, the symptoms they produce, and what can be done to treat them.



- Wallenberg syndrome - Havin' a stroke in your lateral medulla is no bueno! Learn about what a lateral medullary stroke (aka: Wallenberg syndrome) stroke is and what symptoms it causes.